First their is a difference between firewood and wood or logs. All firewood is wood but not all wood is firewood.
The wood that you put in your fireplace to burn has a significant effect on how well your actual fire burns.
The main defining feature of firewood is the moisture content, if the wood is above 20% it is still classed as wood and will not burn as well. If it is a freshly chopped wood, “GREEN” then your chances of burning it are slim and if you do the heat produced will be very little.
Why you cant burn GREEN wood, is simple all the moisture in the wood needs to evaporate first before the wood can burn. This means the heat from the fire is first used on the water in the log, boiling it off, which then disappears up the chimney instead of giving off heat.
When it comes to firewood then make sure your wood is dry and well seasoned. To correctly dry your wood you need to split it and stack it in a firewood rack. Through a good summer, with air flowing through the stack. You should see the wood is dry ready for the winter.
What is the best wood to burn? Easily which ever is most abundant in your area. For example I wouldn’t recommend Maple if you lived in the UK. So check what is the best wood for your area.
For the best fires you want hardwoods, these are trees that have a dense structure meaning there is more material per log. Typical examples are Elm, oak and maple. However you don’t have to use these woods, people cope fine with softer woods like birch or poplar.
Most importantly rather than species of wood is that it is split and has dried out. This will generate far more heat than a dense lump of maple.
Once you have your firewood dry and split, it is imperative that you keep it that way that’s why we recommend the use of a Firewood rack to keep the wood off the ground. As well as a good firewood rack cover.